SADC TestsitesDevelopment of integrated monitoring systems for REDD+ in the SADC region

Developing reliable Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) systems are fundamental to the implementation of REDD+ in developing countries. This has been underscored in all the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of Parties (COP) Decisions since REDD has been negotiated. The two main factors that require monitoring and measurement to assess emissions from deforestation and degradation are: the areal extents of deforestation/degradation and the carbon stock changes in these areas. The Southern African Development Community (SADC and its 15 Member States (MS) cognisant of the relatively high rate of deforestation and forest degradation in the southern African region and the corresponding vulnerability to the effects of climate change have started actively participating in the UNFCCC discussions on REDD. One of the key components that SADC is interested to foster for effective implementation of REDD in the region is a harmonised regional approach to REDD MRV.

Thus the REDD MRV  programme for the SADC (supported by GIZ), which will be implemented between 2010 and 2013, aims to design a regional MRV system which can be used by the Member States; in order to do this a prototype design will be tested and implemented in at least three SADC countries. The main project activities will be based on the four main building blocks which are:

  • Developing a Regional MRV System
  • Pilot Implementation of the Regional MRV System in (at least three) Pilot Countries
  • MRV Capacity Building in SADC Pilot Countries
  • Support of a MRV Pre-audit

Forest Cover Map 2010, Field measurements and Example of Forest Cover Change Map

Botswana Testsite: Forest Cover Map 2010, point shapefile generated form field measurements and Forest Cover Change Map - Example of Kasane

The technical activities for these building blocks include the application of Earth-Observation (EO) based forest assessment methods for historic and current epochs using optical and radar data; the implementation of a terrestrial inventory for biomass accounting; the comparative calculations of carbon stocks and emissions and publication of the results. An important contribution of the project is the knowledge transfer via capacity building to the counterparts which is a pre-requisite for sustainability of the REDD+ activities to be implemented in the region. It is envisaged that the project will provide the SADC region with a uniform MRV system for the quantification of emissions resulting from deforestation and forest degradation that conforms to IPCC requirements and is supported by all Member States.

The valuable experience gained from the REDD Pilot projects being implemented by GAF AG and partners in the past 4-5 years in the Congo Basin countries such as Cameroon, Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic form an important basis for developing the regional REDD MRV for SADC.

Financed by Implemented for